China MoARA Recommends 10 Disinfectants to Prevent ASF

China MoARA Recommends 10 Disinfectants to Prevent ASFOn 2nd Aug 2019, the MoARA’s Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Bureau issued a missive to all provincial subordinates to recommend 10 disinfectants for African swine fever (ASF) control, which will be officially popularized among hog farms all over the country.

The uses of these disinfectants have been systematically evaluated by the national reference laboratory and deliberated with international organizations and the usages for different stage and targets are as follows:

Use Scope

Disinfectants

Roads and vehicles

Roads in production area, epidemic area and infectious focus

Sodium hydroxide

Calcium hydroxide

Vehicles and transportation facilities

Phenols

Glutaraldehydes

Quaternary ammonium salts

Compounded iodic agent(iodine, phosphoric acid and sulfuric acid complex)

Farming and processing area

Gate, disinfecting tanks, locker rooms and foot dips

Sodium hydroxide

Barns, piggeries, wood structures, cement surface and floor

Sodium hydroxide

Phenols

Glutaraldehydes

Chlorine dioxides

Farming and processing equipment and instruments

Quaternary ammonium salts

Compounded iodic agent(iodine, phosphoric acid and sulfuric acid complex)

Potassium monopersulfates

Ambient and air disinfection

Potassium monopersulfates

Chlorine dioxides

Drinking water disinfection

Quaternary ammonium salts

Potassium monopersulfates

Chlorine dioxides

Chlorines

Skin disinfection

Iodic agents

Clothes, hat and shoes and other contaminated articles

Potassium monopersulfates

Office and living area

Office, dormitory, public canteen and other public place within the epidemic areas

Chlorine dioxides

Potassium monopersulfates

Chlorines

Personnel and clothing

Insulating clothing, rubber shoes and personnel in and out

Potassium monopersulfates

 The animal-use biocides in China are regulated as veterinary drug and the approval document or veterinary drug registration will be required for indigenous veterinary drugs or imported veterinary drugs.  MoARA noted that the uses of these disinfectants are emergency purposes of ASF and the Ministry will strengthen the quality surveillance and the fight against counterfeit and sub-standard products.

The ASF had seriously affect hog farming in China since 2018. According to the MoARA, the population of hog and reproductive sow fell by 25% in June 2019. Estimated from China’s pork output of 54 million tons in 2018, the pork reduction would be more than 10 million tons in 2019 and the strain of pork supply would continue for the next two years.

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